This page is an experimental effort to create a virtual machine image that can be used as a basic reference build and test environment for Gallium3D. The resulting VM image is large, and is not yet hosted anywhere, but the step by step instruction for creating this reference image are hosted here while development of this reference image is taking place.

The motivation for creating a reference VM image is two fold:

  1. Developing graphics drivers in a VM environment is typically much more efficient than doing the same on a physical machine. The debugging tools and abstraction from the hardware makes driver developers much more productive.
  2. The potential for developing a Gallium3D drivers that utilizes the VMware SVGA II virtual GPU interface.

Here are the current set of steps used to build the Reference Gallium3D VM Image:

  1. Download VMplayer 3 (Registration Required)
  2. Install VMPlayer 3

    chmod +x VMware-Player-3.0.0*
    sudo ./VMware-Player-3.0.0*
  3. Get Ubuntu 9.04 Desktop Image from Chrysaor's Ubuntu page via Bittorrent

  4. Unpack Desktop Image

    tar xzvf ubuntu904desktop.tgz
  5. Launch VMPlayer

  6. Launch Ubuntu Desktop from within VMPlayer

  7. Login to Ubuntu Desktop:

    User login: user
    User password:
  8. Turn off automatic updates

    1. Launch Update Manager: "System"->"Administration"->"Update Manager"
    2. Access Settings Pane: "Settings..." button in lower left corner
    3. Select Updates Pane: "Updates" tab half way across top
    4. Turnoff updates: deselect all update options
    5. Close up Update Manager: select "Close" twice
  9. Start Terminal: "Applications"->"Accessories"->"Terminal"
  10. Change user password to gallium3d

  11. Install build tool packages

    sudo apt-get -y install autoconf automake1.9 libtool build-essential
  12. Clarify build dependencies

    sudo apt-get -y build-dep xorg mesa xserver-xorg-video-intel libdrm-dev
  13. Install more tools and libraries

    sudo apt-get -y install git-core libxmu-dev xorg-dev xorg-build-macros flex bison libtiff4-dev libglut-dev sawfish git-core gitk libxmu-dev libxi-dev x11proto-xf86dga-dev scons
  14. Install LLVM

    sudo apt-get -y install llvm-dev
  15. Install Python State Tracker

    sudo apt-get -y install python-dev swig python-imaging python-imaging-tk
  16. Install GTK for rbug-gui

    sudo apt-get -y install libgtk2.0-dev libgtkglext1-dev
  17. Create and change to Gallium3D build director

    mkdir Gallium3D
    cd Gallium3D
  18. Get latest Mesa3D repository. It's where Gallium3D is hosted right now

    git clone git://
  19. Compile Mesa3D in a way that compiles Gallium3D and software driver

    cd mesa
    export GALLIUM=$PWD
    make linux-x86-debug
  20. Compile OpenVG

    cd src/gallium/state_trackers/vega
    cd $GALLIUM
  21. Make sure that from now on all apps pick up newly compiled Gallium libs

  22. Make sure Gallium's EGL implementation is using the software driver

    export EGL_DRIVER="egl_softpipe"
  23. Build and test OpenVG demos

    cd progs/openvg/demos
  24. Get special version of udis86 for llvmpipe

    cd $GALLIUM/..
    git clone git://
    cd udis86
    ./configure --with-pic
    sudo make install
  25. Patch llvm header to fix typo

    --- /usr/include/llvm-c/Core.h.orig        2009-08-10 15:38:54.000000000 +0100
    +++ /usr/include/llvm-c/Core.h     2009-08-10 15:38:25.000000000 +0100
    @@ -831,7 +831,7 @@
       template<typename T>
       inline T **unwrap(LLVMValueRef *Vals, unsigned Length) {
         #if DEBUG
    -    for (LLVMValueRef *I = Vals, E = Vals + Length; I != E; ++I)
    +    for (LLVMValueRef *I = Vals, *E = Vals + Length; I != E; ++I)
         return reinterpret_cast<T**>(Vals);
  26. Build llvmpipe

    cd $GALLIUM
    scons debug=yes statetrackers=mesa drivers=llvmpipe winsys=xlib dri=false -k
  27. Test llvmpipe

    export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$GALLIUM/build/linux-x86-debug/lib:$GALLIUM/build/linux-x86_64-debug:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH
  28. Build Python State Tracker

    cd $GALLIUM
    scons debug=yes statetrackers=python drivers=softpipe,trace winsys=none
  29. Test Python State Tracker

    export PYTHONPATH=$GALLIUM/build/linux-x86-debug/gallium/state_trackers/python
    python $GALLIUM/src/gallium/state_trackers/python/samples/
  30. Get rbug-gui source

    cd $GALLIUM/..
    git clone git://
  31. Build rbug-gui

    cd rbug-gui