PulseAudio  5.0
format.h File Reference

Utility functions for handling a stream or sink format. More...

Go to the source code of this file.

Data Structures

struct  pa_format_info
 Represents the format of data provided in a stream or processed by a sink. More...
 

Macros

#define PA_FORMAT_INFO_SNPRINT_MAX   256
 Maximum required string length for pa_format_info_snprint(). More...
 

Typedefs

typedef enum pa_encoding pa_encoding_t
 Represents the type of encoding used in a stream or accepted by a sink. More...
 
typedef struct pa_format_info pa_format_info
 Represents the format of data provided in a stream or processed by a sink. More...
 
typedef enum pa_prop_type_t pa_prop_type_t
 Represents the type of value type of a property on a pa_format_info. More...
 

Enumerations

enum  pa_encoding {
  PA_ENCODING_ANY,
  PA_ENCODING_PCM,
  PA_ENCODING_AC3_IEC61937,
  PA_ENCODING_EAC3_IEC61937,
  PA_ENCODING_MPEG_IEC61937,
  PA_ENCODING_DTS_IEC61937,
  PA_ENCODING_MPEG2_AAC_IEC61937,
  PA_ENCODING_MAX,
  PA_ENCODING_INVALID = -1
}
 Represents the type of encoding used in a stream or accepted by a sink. More...
 
enum  pa_prop_type_t {
  PA_PROP_TYPE_INT,
  PA_PROP_TYPE_INT_RANGE,
  PA_PROP_TYPE_INT_ARRAY,
  PA_PROP_TYPE_STRING,
  PA_PROP_TYPE_STRING_ARRAY,
  PA_PROP_TYPE_INVALID = -1
}
 Represents the type of value type of a property on a pa_format_info. More...
 

Functions

const char * pa_encoding_to_string (pa_encoding_t e) PA_GCC_CONST
 Returns a printable string representing the given encoding type. More...
 
pa_encoding_t pa_encoding_from_string (const char *encoding)
 Converts a string of the form returned by pa_encoding_to_string() back to a pa_encoding_t. More...
 
pa_format_infopa_format_info_new (void)
 Allocates a new pa_format_info structure. More...
 
pa_format_infopa_format_info_copy (const pa_format_info *src)
 Returns a new pa_format_info struct and representing the same format as src. More...
 
void pa_format_info_free (pa_format_info *f)
 Frees a pa_format_info structure. More...
 
int pa_format_info_valid (const pa_format_info *f)
 Returns non-zero when the format info structure is valid. More...
 
int pa_format_info_is_pcm (const pa_format_info *f)
 Returns non-zero when the format info structure represents a PCM (i.e. uncompressed data) format. More...
 
int pa_format_info_is_compatible (const pa_format_info *first, const pa_format_info *second)
 Returns non-zero if the format represented by first is a subset of the format represented by second. More...
 
char * pa_format_info_snprint (char *s, size_t l, const pa_format_info *f)
 Return a human-readable string representing the given format. More...
 
pa_format_infopa_format_info_from_string (const char *str)
 Parse a human-readable string of the form generated by pa_format_info_snprint() into a pa_format_info structure. More...
 
pa_format_infopa_format_info_from_sample_spec (const pa_sample_spec *ss, const pa_channel_map *map)
 Utility function to take a pa_sample_spec and generate the corresponding pa_format_info. More...
 
int pa_format_info_to_sample_spec (const pa_format_info *f, pa_sample_spec *ss, pa_channel_map *map)
 Utility function to generate a pa_sample_spec and pa_channel_map corresponding to a given pa_format_info. More...
 
pa_prop_type_t pa_format_info_get_prop_type (const pa_format_info *f, const char *key)
 Gets the type of property key in a given pa_format_info. More...
 
int pa_format_info_get_prop_int (const pa_format_info *f, const char *key, int *v)
 Gets an integer property from the given format info. More...
 
int pa_format_info_get_prop_int_range (const pa_format_info *f, const char *key, int *min, int *max)
 Gets an integer range property from the given format info. More...
 
int pa_format_info_get_prop_int_array (const pa_format_info *f, const char *key, int **values, int *n_values)
 Gets an integer array property from the given format info. More...
 
int pa_format_info_get_prop_string (const pa_format_info *f, const char *key, char **v)
 Gets a string property from the given format info. More...
 
int pa_format_info_get_prop_string_array (const pa_format_info *f, const char *key, char ***values, int *n_values)
 Gets a string array property from the given format info. More...
 
void pa_format_info_free_string_array (char **values, int n_values)
 Frees a string array returned by pa_format_info_get_prop_string_array. More...
 
void pa_format_info_set_prop_int (pa_format_info *f, const char *key, int value)
 Sets an integer property on the given format info. More...
 
void pa_format_info_set_prop_int_array (pa_format_info *f, const char *key, const int *values, int n_values)
 Sets a property with a list of integer values on the given format info. More...
 
void pa_format_info_set_prop_int_range (pa_format_info *f, const char *key, int min, int max)
 Sets a property which can have any value in a given integer range on the given format info. More...
 
void pa_format_info_set_prop_string (pa_format_info *f, const char *key, const char *value)
 Sets a string property on the given format info. More...
 
void pa_format_info_set_prop_string_array (pa_format_info *f, const char *key, const char **values, int n_values)
 Sets a property with a list of string values on the given format info. More...
 
void pa_format_info_set_sample_format (pa_format_info *f, pa_sample_format_t sf)
 Convenience method to set the sample format as a property on the given format. More...
 
void pa_format_info_set_rate (pa_format_info *f, int rate)
 Convenience method to set the sampling rate as a property on the given format. More...
 
void pa_format_info_set_channels (pa_format_info *f, int channels)
 Convenience method to set the number of channels as a property on the given format. More...
 
void pa_format_info_set_channel_map (pa_format_info *f, const pa_channel_map *map)
 Convenience method to set the channel map as a property on the given format. More...
 

Detailed Description

Utility functions for handling a stream or sink format.

Macro Definition Documentation

#define PA_FORMAT_INFO_SNPRINT_MAX   256

Maximum required string length for pa_format_info_snprint().

Please note that this value can change with any release without warning and without being considered API or ABI breakage. You should not use this definition anywhere where it might become part of an ABI.

Since
1.0

Typedef Documentation

typedef enum pa_encoding pa_encoding_t

Represents the type of encoding used in a stream or accepted by a sink.

Since
1.0

Represents the format of data provided in a stream or processed by a sink.

Since
1.0

Represents the type of value type of a property on a pa_format_info.

Since
2.0

Enumeration Type Documentation

Represents the type of encoding used in a stream or accepted by a sink.

Since
1.0
Enumerator
PA_ENCODING_ANY 

Any encoding format, PCM or compressed.

PA_ENCODING_PCM 

Any PCM format.

PA_ENCODING_AC3_IEC61937 

AC3 data encapsulated in IEC 61937 header/padding.

PA_ENCODING_EAC3_IEC61937 

EAC3 data encapsulated in IEC 61937 header/padding.

PA_ENCODING_MPEG_IEC61937 

MPEG-1 or MPEG-2 (Part 3, not AAC) data encapsulated in IEC 61937 header/padding.

PA_ENCODING_DTS_IEC61937 

DTS data encapsulated in IEC 61937 header/padding.

PA_ENCODING_MPEG2_AAC_IEC61937 

MPEG-2 AAC data encapsulated in IEC 61937 header/padding.

Since
4.0
PA_ENCODING_MAX 

Valid encoding types must be less than this value.

PA_ENCODING_INVALID 

Represents an invalid encoding.

Represents the type of value type of a property on a pa_format_info.

Since
2.0
Enumerator
PA_PROP_TYPE_INT 

Integer property.

PA_PROP_TYPE_INT_RANGE 

Integer range property.

PA_PROP_TYPE_INT_ARRAY 

Integer array property.

PA_PROP_TYPE_STRING 

String property.

PA_PROP_TYPE_STRING_ARRAY 

String array property.

PA_PROP_TYPE_INVALID 

Represents an invalid type.

Function Documentation

pa_encoding_t pa_encoding_from_string ( const char *  encoding)

Converts a string of the form returned by pa_encoding_to_string() back to a pa_encoding_t.

Since
1.0
const char* pa_encoding_to_string ( pa_encoding_t  e)

Returns a printable string representing the given encoding type.

Since
1.0
pa_format_info* pa_format_info_copy ( const pa_format_info src)

Returns a new pa_format_info struct and representing the same format as src.

Since
1.0
void pa_format_info_free ( pa_format_info f)

Frees a pa_format_info structure.

Since
1.0
void pa_format_info_free_string_array ( char **  values,
int  n_values 
)

Frees a string array returned by pa_format_info_get_prop_string_array.

Since
2.0
pa_format_info* pa_format_info_from_sample_spec ( const pa_sample_spec ss,
const pa_channel_map map 
)

Utility function to take a pa_sample_spec and generate the corresponding pa_format_info.

Note that if you want the server to choose some of the stream parameters, for example the sample rate, so that they match the device parameters, then you shouldn't use this function. In order to allow the server to choose a parameter value, that parameter must be left unspecified in the pa_format_info object, and this function always specifies all parameters. An exception is the channel map: if you pass NULL for the channel map, then the channel map will be left unspecified, allowing the server to choose it.

Since
2.0
pa_format_info* pa_format_info_from_string ( const char *  str)

Parse a human-readable string of the form generated by pa_format_info_snprint() into a pa_format_info structure.

Since
1.0
int pa_format_info_get_prop_int ( const pa_format_info f,
const char *  key,
int *  v 
)

Gets an integer property from the given format info.

Returns 0 on success and a negative integer on failure.

Since
2.0
int pa_format_info_get_prop_int_array ( const pa_format_info f,
const char *  key,
int **  values,
int *  n_values 
)

Gets an integer array property from the given format info.

values contains the values and n_values contains the number of elements. The caller must free values using pa_xfree. Returns 0 on success and a negative integer on failure.

Since
2.0
int pa_format_info_get_prop_int_range ( const pa_format_info f,
const char *  key,
int *  min,
int *  max 
)

Gets an integer range property from the given format info.

Returns 0 on success and a negative integer on failure.

Since
2.0
int pa_format_info_get_prop_string ( const pa_format_info f,
const char *  key,
char **  v 
)

Gets a string property from the given format info.

The caller must free the returned string using pa_xfree. Returns 0 on success and a negative integer on failure.

Since
2.0
int pa_format_info_get_prop_string_array ( const pa_format_info f,
const char *  key,
char ***  values,
int *  n_values 
)

Gets a string array property from the given format info.

values contains the values and n_values contains the number of elements. The caller must free values using pa_format_info_free_string_array. Returns 0 on success and a negative integer on failure.

Since
2.0
pa_prop_type_t pa_format_info_get_prop_type ( const pa_format_info f,
const char *  key 
)

Gets the type of property key in a given pa_format_info.

Since
2.0
int pa_format_info_is_compatible ( const pa_format_info first,
const pa_format_info second 
)

Returns non-zero if the format represented by first is a subset of the format represented by second.

This means that second must have all the fields that first does, but the reverse need not be true. This is typically expected to be used to check if a stream's format is compatible with a given sink. In such a case, first would be the sink's format and second would be the stream's.

Since
1.0
int pa_format_info_is_pcm ( const pa_format_info f)

Returns non-zero when the format info structure represents a PCM (i.e. uncompressed data) format.

Since
1.0
pa_format_info* pa_format_info_new ( void  )

Allocates a new pa_format_info structure.

Clients must initialise at least the encoding field themselves.

Since
1.0
void pa_format_info_set_channel_map ( pa_format_info f,
const pa_channel_map map 
)

Convenience method to set the channel map as a property on the given format.

Note for PCM: If the channel map is left unspecified in the pa_format_info object, then the server will select the stream channel map. In that case the stream channel map will most likely match the device channel map, meaning that remixing will be avoided.

Since
1.0
void pa_format_info_set_channels ( pa_format_info f,
int  channels 
)

Convenience method to set the number of channels as a property on the given format.

Note for PCM: If the channel count is left unspecified in the pa_format_info object, then the server will select the stream channel count. In that case the stream channel count will most likely match the device channel count, meaning that up/downmixing will be avoided.

Since
1.0
void pa_format_info_set_prop_int ( pa_format_info f,
const char *  key,
int  value 
)

Sets an integer property on the given format info.

Since
1.0
void pa_format_info_set_prop_int_array ( pa_format_info f,
const char *  key,
const int *  values,
int  n_values 
)

Sets a property with a list of integer values on the given format info.

Since
1.0
void pa_format_info_set_prop_int_range ( pa_format_info f,
const char *  key,
int  min,
int  max 
)

Sets a property which can have any value in a given integer range on the given format info.

Since
1.0
void pa_format_info_set_prop_string ( pa_format_info f,
const char *  key,
const char *  value 
)

Sets a string property on the given format info.

Since
1.0
void pa_format_info_set_prop_string_array ( pa_format_info f,
const char *  key,
const char **  values,
int  n_values 
)

Sets a property with a list of string values on the given format info.

Since
1.0
void pa_format_info_set_rate ( pa_format_info f,
int  rate 
)

Convenience method to set the sampling rate as a property on the given format.

Note for PCM: If the sample rate is left unspecified in the pa_format_info object, then the server will select the stream sample rate. In that case the stream sample rate will most likely match the device sample rate, meaning that sample rate conversion will be avoided.

Since
1.0
void pa_format_info_set_sample_format ( pa_format_info f,
pa_sample_format_t  sf 
)

Convenience method to set the sample format as a property on the given format.

Note for PCM: If the sample format is left unspecified in the pa_format_info object, then the server will select the stream sample format. In that case the stream sample format will most likely match the device sample format, meaning that sample format conversion will be avoided.

Since
1.0
char* pa_format_info_snprint ( char *  s,
size_t  l,
const pa_format_info f 
)

Return a human-readable string representing the given format.

Since
1.0
int pa_format_info_to_sample_spec ( const pa_format_info f,
pa_sample_spec ss,
pa_channel_map map 
)

Utility function to generate a pa_sample_spec and pa_channel_map corresponding to a given pa_format_info.

The conversion for PCM formats is straight-forward. For non-PCM formats, if there is a fixed size-time conversion (i.e. all IEC61937-encapsulated formats), a "fake" sample spec whose size-time conversion corresponds to this format is provided and the channel map argument is ignored. For formats with variable size-time conversion, this function will fail. Returns a negative integer if conversion failed and 0 on success.

Since
2.0
int pa_format_info_valid ( const pa_format_info f)

Returns non-zero when the format info structure is valid.

Since
1.0