PulseAudio  5.0
volume.h File Reference

Constants and routines for volume handling. More...

Go to the source code of this file.

Data Structures

struct  pa_cvolume
 A structure encapsulating a per-channel volume. More...
 

Macros

#define PA_VOLUME_NORM   ((pa_volume_t) 0x10000U)
 Normal volume (100%, 0 dB) More...
 
#define PA_VOLUME_MUTED   ((pa_volume_t) 0U)
 Muted (minimal valid) volume (0%, -inf dB) More...
 
#define PA_VOLUME_MAX   ((pa_volume_t) UINT32_MAX/2)
 Maximum valid volume we can store. More...
 
#define PA_VOLUME_UI_MAX   (pa_sw_volume_from_dB(+11.0))
 Recommended maximum volume to show in user facing UIs. More...
 
#define PA_VOLUME_INVALID   ((pa_volume_t) UINT32_MAX)
 Special 'invalid' volume. More...
 
#define PA_VOLUME_IS_VALID(v)   ((v) <= PA_VOLUME_MAX)
 Check if volume is valid. More...
 
#define PA_CLAMP_VOLUME(v)   (PA_CLAMP_UNLIKELY((v), PA_VOLUME_MUTED, PA_VOLUME_MAX))
 Clamp volume to the permitted range. More...
 
#define pa_cvolume_reset(a, n)   pa_cvolume_set((a), (n), PA_VOLUME_NORM)
 Set the volume of the first n channels to PA_VOLUME_NORM. More...
 
#define pa_cvolume_mute(a, n)   pa_cvolume_set((a), (n), PA_VOLUME_MUTED)
 Set the volume of the first n channels to PA_VOLUME_MUTED. More...
 
#define PA_CVOLUME_SNPRINT_MAX   320
 Maximum length of the strings returned by pa_cvolume_snprint(). More...
 
#define PA_SW_CVOLUME_SNPRINT_DB_MAX   448
 Maximum length of the strings returned by pa_sw_cvolume_snprint_dB(). More...
 
#define PA_CVOLUME_SNPRINT_VERBOSE_MAX   1984
 Maximum length of the strings returned by pa_cvolume_snprint_verbose(). More...
 
#define PA_VOLUME_SNPRINT_MAX   10
 Maximum length of the strings returned by pa_volume_snprint(). More...
 
#define PA_SW_VOLUME_SNPRINT_DB_MAX   10
 Maximum length of the strings returned by pa_sw_volume_snprint_dB(). More...
 
#define PA_VOLUME_SNPRINT_VERBOSE_MAX   35
 Maximum length of the strings returned by pa_volume_snprint_verbose(). More...
 
#define pa_cvolume_is_muted(a)   pa_cvolume_channels_equal_to((a), PA_VOLUME_MUTED)
 Return 1 if the specified volume has all channels muted. More...
 
#define pa_cvolume_is_norm(a)   pa_cvolume_channels_equal_to((a), PA_VOLUME_NORM)
 Return 1 if the specified volume has all channels on normal level. More...
 
#define PA_DECIBEL_MININFTY   ((double) -200.0)
 This floor value is used as minus infinity when using pa_sw_volume_to_dB() / pa_sw_volume_from_dB(). More...
 

Typedefs

typedef uint32_t pa_volume_t
 Volume specification: PA_VOLUME_MUTED: silence; < PA_VOLUME_NORM: decreased volume; PA_VOLUME_NORM: normal volume;

PA_VOLUME_NORM: increased volume

More...
 
typedef struct pa_cvolume pa_cvolume
 A structure encapsulating a per-channel volume. More...
 

Functions

int pa_cvolume_equal (const pa_cvolume *a, const pa_cvolume *b) PA_GCC_PURE
 Return non-zero when *a == *b. More...
 
pa_cvolumepa_cvolume_init (pa_cvolume *a)
 Initialize the specified volume and return a pointer to it. More...
 
pa_cvolumepa_cvolume_set (pa_cvolume *a, unsigned channels, pa_volume_t v)
 Set the volume of the specified number of channels to the volume v. More...
 
char * pa_cvolume_snprint (char *s, size_t l, const pa_cvolume *c)
 Pretty print a volume structure. More...
 
char * pa_sw_cvolume_snprint_dB (char *s, size_t l, const pa_cvolume *c)
 Pretty print a volume structure but show dB values. More...
 
char * pa_cvolume_snprint_verbose (char *s, size_t l, const pa_cvolume *c, const pa_channel_map *map, int print_dB)
 Pretty print a volume structure in a verbose way. More...
 
char * pa_volume_snprint (char *s, size_t l, pa_volume_t v)
 Pretty print a volume. More...
 
char * pa_sw_volume_snprint_dB (char *s, size_t l, pa_volume_t v)
 Pretty print a volume but show dB values. More...
 
char * pa_volume_snprint_verbose (char *s, size_t l, pa_volume_t v, int print_dB)
 Pretty print a volume in a verbose way. More...
 
pa_volume_t pa_cvolume_avg (const pa_cvolume *a) PA_GCC_PURE
 Return the average volume of all channels. More...
 
pa_volume_t pa_cvolume_avg_mask (const pa_cvolume *a, const pa_channel_map *cm, pa_channel_position_mask_t mask) PA_GCC_PURE
 Return the average volume of all channels that are included in the specified channel map with the specified channel position mask. More...
 
pa_volume_t pa_cvolume_max (const pa_cvolume *a) PA_GCC_PURE
 Return the maximum volume of all channels. More...
 
pa_volume_t pa_cvolume_max_mask (const pa_cvolume *a, const pa_channel_map *cm, pa_channel_position_mask_t mask) PA_GCC_PURE
 Return the maximum volume of all channels that are included in the specified channel map with the specified channel position mask. More...
 
pa_volume_t pa_cvolume_min (const pa_cvolume *a) PA_GCC_PURE
 Return the minimum volume of all channels. More...
 
pa_volume_t pa_cvolume_min_mask (const pa_cvolume *a, const pa_channel_map *cm, pa_channel_position_mask_t mask) PA_GCC_PURE
 Return the minimum volume of all channels that are included in the specified channel map with the specified channel position mask. More...
 
int pa_cvolume_valid (const pa_cvolume *v) PA_GCC_PURE
 Return non-zero when the passed cvolume structure is valid. More...
 
int pa_cvolume_channels_equal_to (const pa_cvolume *a, pa_volume_t v) PA_GCC_PURE
 Return non-zero if the volume of all channels is equal to the specified value. More...
 
pa_volume_t pa_sw_volume_multiply (pa_volume_t a, pa_volume_t b) PA_GCC_CONST
 Multiply two volume specifications, return the result. More...
 
pa_cvolumepa_sw_cvolume_multiply (pa_cvolume *dest, const pa_cvolume *a, const pa_cvolume *b)
 Multiply two per-channel volumes and return the result in *dest. More...
 
pa_cvolumepa_sw_cvolume_multiply_scalar (pa_cvolume *dest, const pa_cvolume *a, pa_volume_t b)
 Multiply a per-channel volume with a scalar volume and return the result in *dest. More...
 
pa_volume_t pa_sw_volume_divide (pa_volume_t a, pa_volume_t b) PA_GCC_CONST
 Divide two volume specifications, return the result. More...
 
pa_cvolumepa_sw_cvolume_divide (pa_cvolume *dest, const pa_cvolume *a, const pa_cvolume *b)
 Divide two per-channel volumes and return the result in *dest. More...
 
pa_cvolumepa_sw_cvolume_divide_scalar (pa_cvolume *dest, const pa_cvolume *a, pa_volume_t b)
 Divide a per-channel volume by a scalar volume and return the result in *dest. More...
 
pa_volume_t pa_sw_volume_from_dB (double f) PA_GCC_CONST
 Convert a decibel value to a volume (amplitude, not power). More...
 
double pa_sw_volume_to_dB (pa_volume_t v) PA_GCC_CONST
 Convert a volume to a decibel value (amplitude, not power). More...
 
pa_volume_t pa_sw_volume_from_linear (double v) PA_GCC_CONST
 Convert a linear factor to a volume. More...
 
double pa_sw_volume_to_linear (pa_volume_t v) PA_GCC_CONST
 Convert a volume to a linear factor. More...
 
pa_cvolumepa_cvolume_remap (pa_cvolume *v, const pa_channel_map *from, const pa_channel_map *to)
 Remap a volume from one channel mapping to a different channel mapping. More...
 
int pa_cvolume_compatible (const pa_cvolume *v, const pa_sample_spec *ss) PA_GCC_PURE
 Return non-zero if the specified volume is compatible with the specified sample spec. More...
 
int pa_cvolume_compatible_with_channel_map (const pa_cvolume *v, const pa_channel_map *cm) PA_GCC_PURE
 Return non-zero if the specified volume is compatible with the specified sample spec. More...
 
float pa_cvolume_get_balance (const pa_cvolume *v, const pa_channel_map *map) PA_GCC_PURE
 Calculate a 'balance' value for the specified volume with the specified channel map. More...
 
pa_cvolumepa_cvolume_set_balance (pa_cvolume *v, const pa_channel_map *map, float new_balance)
 Adjust the 'balance' value for the specified volume with the specified channel map. More...
 
float pa_cvolume_get_fade (const pa_cvolume *v, const pa_channel_map *map) PA_GCC_PURE
 Calculate a 'fade' value (i.e. 'balance' between front and rear) for the specified volume with the specified channel map. More...
 
pa_cvolumepa_cvolume_set_fade (pa_cvolume *v, const pa_channel_map *map, float new_fade)
 Adjust the 'fade' value (i.e. 'balance' between front and rear) for the specified volume with the specified channel map. More...
 
pa_cvolumepa_cvolume_scale (pa_cvolume *v, pa_volume_t max)
 Scale the passed pa_cvolume structure so that the maximum volume of all channels equals max. More...
 
pa_cvolumepa_cvolume_scale_mask (pa_cvolume *v, pa_volume_t max, pa_channel_map *cm, pa_channel_position_mask_t mask)
 Scale the passed pa_cvolume structure so that the maximum volume of all channels selected via cm/mask equals max. More...
 
pa_cvolumepa_cvolume_set_position (pa_cvolume *cv, const pa_channel_map *map, pa_channel_position_t t, pa_volume_t v)
 Set the passed volume to all channels at the specified channel position. More...
 
pa_volume_t pa_cvolume_get_position (pa_cvolume *cv, const pa_channel_map *map, pa_channel_position_t t) PA_GCC_PURE
 Get the maximum volume of all channels at the specified channel position. More...
 
pa_cvolumepa_cvolume_merge (pa_cvolume *dest, const pa_cvolume *a, const pa_cvolume *b)
 This goes through all channels in a and b and sets the corresponding channel in dest to the greater volume of both. More...
 
pa_cvolumepa_cvolume_inc_clamp (pa_cvolume *v, pa_volume_t inc, pa_volume_t limit)
 Increase the volume passed in by 'inc', but not exceeding 'limit'. More...
 
pa_cvolumepa_cvolume_inc (pa_cvolume *v, pa_volume_t inc)
 Increase the volume passed in by 'inc'. More...
 
pa_cvolumepa_cvolume_dec (pa_cvolume *v, pa_volume_t dec)
 Decrease the volume passed in by 'dec'. More...
 

Detailed Description

Constants and routines for volume handling.

See also Volume Control

Macro Definition Documentation

#define PA_CLAMP_VOLUME (   v)    (PA_CLAMP_UNLIKELY((v), PA_VOLUME_MUTED, PA_VOLUME_MAX))

Clamp volume to the permitted range.

Since
1.0
#define pa_cvolume_is_muted (   a)    pa_cvolume_channels_equal_to((a), PA_VOLUME_MUTED)

Return 1 if the specified volume has all channels muted.

#define pa_cvolume_is_norm (   a)    pa_cvolume_channels_equal_to((a), PA_VOLUME_NORM)

Return 1 if the specified volume has all channels on normal level.

#define pa_cvolume_mute (   a,
 
)    pa_cvolume_set((a), (n), PA_VOLUME_MUTED)

Set the volume of the first n channels to PA_VOLUME_MUTED.

#define pa_cvolume_reset (   a,
 
)    pa_cvolume_set((a), (n), PA_VOLUME_NORM)

Set the volume of the first n channels to PA_VOLUME_NORM.

#define PA_CVOLUME_SNPRINT_MAX   320

Maximum length of the strings returned by pa_cvolume_snprint().

Please note that this value can change with any release without warning and without being considered API or ABI breakage. You should not use this definition anywhere where it might become part of an ABI.

#define PA_CVOLUME_SNPRINT_VERBOSE_MAX   1984

Maximum length of the strings returned by pa_cvolume_snprint_verbose().

Please note that this value can change with any release without warning and without being considered API or ABI breakage. You should not use this definition anywhere where it might become part of an ABI.

Since
5.0
#define PA_DECIBEL_MININFTY   ((double) -200.0)

This floor value is used as minus infinity when using pa_sw_volume_to_dB() / pa_sw_volume_from_dB().

#define PA_SW_CVOLUME_SNPRINT_DB_MAX   448

Maximum length of the strings returned by pa_sw_cvolume_snprint_dB().

Please note that this value can change with any release without warning and without being considered API or ABI breakage. You should not use this definition anywhere where it might become part of an ABI.

Since
0.9.13
#define PA_SW_VOLUME_SNPRINT_DB_MAX   10

Maximum length of the strings returned by pa_sw_volume_snprint_dB().

Please note that this value can change with any release without warning and without being considered API or ABI breakage. You should not use this definition anywhere where it might become part of an ABI.

Since
0.9.15
#define PA_VOLUME_INVALID   ((pa_volume_t) UINT32_MAX)

Special 'invalid' volume.

Since
0.9.16
#define PA_VOLUME_IS_VALID (   v)    ((v) <= PA_VOLUME_MAX)

Check if volume is valid.

Since
1.0
#define PA_VOLUME_MAX   ((pa_volume_t) UINT32_MAX/2)

Maximum valid volume we can store.

Since
0.9.15
#define PA_VOLUME_MUTED   ((pa_volume_t) 0U)

Muted (minimal valid) volume (0%, -inf dB)

#define PA_VOLUME_NORM   ((pa_volume_t) 0x10000U)

Normal volume (100%, 0 dB)

#define PA_VOLUME_SNPRINT_MAX   10

Maximum length of the strings returned by pa_volume_snprint().

Please note that this value can change with any release without warning and without being considered API or ABI breakage. You should not use this definition anywhere where it might become part of an ABI.

Since
0.9.15
#define PA_VOLUME_SNPRINT_VERBOSE_MAX   35

Maximum length of the strings returned by pa_volume_snprint_verbose().

Please note that this value can change with any release without warning and withou being considered API or ABI breakage. You should not use this definition anywhere where it might become part of an ABI.

Since
5.0
#define PA_VOLUME_UI_MAX   (pa_sw_volume_from_dB(+11.0))

Recommended maximum volume to show in user facing UIs.

Note: UIs should deal gracefully with volumes greater than this value and not cause feedback loops etc. - i.e. if the volume is more than this, the UI should not limit it and push the limited value back to the server.

Since
0.9.23

Typedef Documentation

typedef struct pa_cvolume pa_cvolume

A structure encapsulating a per-channel volume.

typedef uint32_t pa_volume_t

Volume specification: PA_VOLUME_MUTED: silence; < PA_VOLUME_NORM: decreased volume; PA_VOLUME_NORM: normal volume;

PA_VOLUME_NORM: increased volume

Function Documentation

pa_volume_t pa_cvolume_avg ( const pa_cvolume a)

Return the average volume of all channels.

pa_volume_t pa_cvolume_avg_mask ( const pa_cvolume a,
const pa_channel_map cm,
pa_channel_position_mask_t  mask 
)

Return the average volume of all channels that are included in the specified channel map with the specified channel position mask.

If cm is NULL this call is identical to pa_cvolume_avg(). If no channel is selected the returned value will be PA_VOLUME_MUTED.

Since
0.9.16
int pa_cvolume_channels_equal_to ( const pa_cvolume a,
pa_volume_t  v 
)

Return non-zero if the volume of all channels is equal to the specified value.

int pa_cvolume_compatible ( const pa_cvolume v,
const pa_sample_spec ss 
)

Return non-zero if the specified volume is compatible with the specified sample spec.

Since
0.9.13
int pa_cvolume_compatible_with_channel_map ( const pa_cvolume v,
const pa_channel_map cm 
)

Return non-zero if the specified volume is compatible with the specified sample spec.

Since
0.9.15
pa_cvolume* pa_cvolume_dec ( pa_cvolume v,
pa_volume_t  dec 
)

Decrease the volume passed in by 'dec'.

The proportions between the channels are kept.

Since
0.9.16
int pa_cvolume_equal ( const pa_cvolume a,
const pa_cvolume b 
)

Return non-zero when *a == *b.

float pa_cvolume_get_balance ( const pa_cvolume v,
const pa_channel_map map 
)

Calculate a 'balance' value for the specified volume with the specified channel map.

The return value will range from -1.0f (left) to +1.0f (right). If no balance value is applicable to this channel map the return value will always be 0.0f. See pa_channel_map_can_balance().

Since
0.9.15
float pa_cvolume_get_fade ( const pa_cvolume v,
const pa_channel_map map 
)

Calculate a 'fade' value (i.e. 'balance' between front and rear) for the specified volume with the specified channel map.

The return value will range from -1.0f (rear) to +1.0f (left). If no fade value is applicable to this channel map the return value will always be 0.0f. See pa_channel_map_can_fade().

Since
0.9.15
pa_volume_t pa_cvolume_get_position ( pa_cvolume cv,
const pa_channel_map map,
pa_channel_position_t  t 
)

Get the maximum volume of all channels at the specified channel position.

Will return 0 if there is no channel at the position specified. You can check if a channel map includes a specific position by calling pa_channel_map_has_position().

Since
0.9.16
pa_cvolume* pa_cvolume_inc ( pa_cvolume v,
pa_volume_t  inc 
)

Increase the volume passed in by 'inc'.

The proportions between the channels are kept.

Since
0.9.16
pa_cvolume* pa_cvolume_inc_clamp ( pa_cvolume v,
pa_volume_t  inc,
pa_volume_t  limit 
)

Increase the volume passed in by 'inc', but not exceeding 'limit'.

The proportions between the channels are kept.

Since
0.9.19
pa_cvolume* pa_cvolume_init ( pa_cvolume a)

Initialize the specified volume and return a pointer to it.

The sample spec will have a defined state but pa_cvolume_valid() will fail for it.

Since
0.9.13
pa_volume_t pa_cvolume_max ( const pa_cvolume a)

Return the maximum volume of all channels.

Since
0.9.12
pa_volume_t pa_cvolume_max_mask ( const pa_cvolume a,
const pa_channel_map cm,
pa_channel_position_mask_t  mask 
)

Return the maximum volume of all channels that are included in the specified channel map with the specified channel position mask.

If cm is NULL this call is identical to pa_cvolume_max(). If no channel is selected the returned value will be PA_VOLUME_MUTED.

Since
0.9.16
pa_cvolume* pa_cvolume_merge ( pa_cvolume dest,
const pa_cvolume a,
const pa_cvolume b 
)

This goes through all channels in a and b and sets the corresponding channel in dest to the greater volume of both.

a, b and dest may point to the same structure.

Since
0.9.16
pa_volume_t pa_cvolume_min ( const pa_cvolume a)

Return the minimum volume of all channels.

Since
0.9.16
pa_volume_t pa_cvolume_min_mask ( const pa_cvolume a,
const pa_channel_map cm,
pa_channel_position_mask_t  mask 
)

Return the minimum volume of all channels that are included in the specified channel map with the specified channel position mask.

If cm is NULL this call is identical to pa_cvolume_min(). If no channel is selected the returned value will be PA_VOLUME_MUTED.

Since
0.9.16
pa_cvolume* pa_cvolume_remap ( pa_cvolume v,
const pa_channel_map from,
const pa_channel_map to 
)

Remap a volume from one channel mapping to a different channel mapping.

Since
0.9.12
pa_cvolume* pa_cvolume_scale ( pa_cvolume v,
pa_volume_t  max 
)

Scale the passed pa_cvolume structure so that the maximum volume of all channels equals max.

The proportions between the channel volumes are kept.

Since
0.9.15
pa_cvolume* pa_cvolume_scale_mask ( pa_cvolume v,
pa_volume_t  max,
pa_channel_map cm,
pa_channel_position_mask_t  mask 
)

Scale the passed pa_cvolume structure so that the maximum volume of all channels selected via cm/mask equals max.

This also modifies the volume of those channels that are unmasked. The proportions between the channel volumes are kept.

Since
0.9.16
pa_cvolume* pa_cvolume_set ( pa_cvolume a,
unsigned  channels,
pa_volume_t  v 
)

Set the volume of the specified number of channels to the volume v.

pa_cvolume* pa_cvolume_set_balance ( pa_cvolume v,
const pa_channel_map map,
float  new_balance 
)

Adjust the 'balance' value for the specified volume with the specified channel map.

v will be modified in place and returned. The balance is a value between -1.0f and +1.0f. This operation might not be reversible! Also, after this call pa_cvolume_get_balance() is not guaranteed to actually return the requested balance value (e.g. when the input volume was zero anyway for all channels). If no balance value is applicable to this channel map the volume will not be modified. See pa_channel_map_can_balance().

Since
0.9.15
pa_cvolume* pa_cvolume_set_fade ( pa_cvolume v,
const pa_channel_map map,
float  new_fade 
)

Adjust the 'fade' value (i.e. 'balance' between front and rear) for the specified volume with the specified channel map.

v will be modified in place and returned. The balance is a value between -1.0f and +1.0f. This operation might not be reversible! Also, after this call pa_cvolume_get_fade() is not guaranteed to actually return the requested fade value (e.g. when the input volume was zero anyway for all channels). If no fade value is applicable to this channel map the volume will not be modified. See pa_channel_map_can_fade().

Since
0.9.15
pa_cvolume* pa_cvolume_set_position ( pa_cvolume cv,
const pa_channel_map map,
pa_channel_position_t  t,
pa_volume_t  v 
)

Set the passed volume to all channels at the specified channel position.

Will return the updated volume struct, or NULL if there is no channel at the position specified. You can check if a channel map includes a specific position by calling pa_channel_map_has_position().

Since
0.9.16
char* pa_cvolume_snprint ( char *  s,
size_t  l,
const pa_cvolume c 
)

Pretty print a volume structure.

char* pa_cvolume_snprint_verbose ( char *  s,
size_t  l,
const pa_cvolume c,
const pa_channel_map map,
int  print_dB 
)

Pretty print a volume structure in a verbose way.

The volume for each channel is printed in several formats: the raw pa_volume_t value, percentage, and if print_dB is non-zero, also the dB value. If map is not NULL, the channel names will be printed.

Since
5.0
int pa_cvolume_valid ( const pa_cvolume v)

Return non-zero when the passed cvolume structure is valid.

pa_cvolume* pa_sw_cvolume_divide ( pa_cvolume dest,
const pa_cvolume a,
const pa_cvolume b 
)

Divide two per-channel volumes and return the result in *dest.

This is only valid for software volumes! a, b and dest may point to the same structure.

Since
0.9.13
pa_cvolume* pa_sw_cvolume_divide_scalar ( pa_cvolume dest,
const pa_cvolume a,
pa_volume_t  b 
)

Divide a per-channel volume by a scalar volume and return the result in *dest.

This is only valid for software volumes! a and dest may point to the same structure.

Since
0.9.16
pa_cvolume* pa_sw_cvolume_multiply ( pa_cvolume dest,
const pa_cvolume a,
const pa_cvolume b 
)

Multiply two per-channel volumes and return the result in *dest.

This is only valid for software volumes! a, b and dest may point to the same structure.

pa_cvolume* pa_sw_cvolume_multiply_scalar ( pa_cvolume dest,
const pa_cvolume a,
pa_volume_t  b 
)

Multiply a per-channel volume with a scalar volume and return the result in *dest.

This is only valid for software volumes! a and dest may point to the same structure.

Since
0.9.16
char* pa_sw_cvolume_snprint_dB ( char *  s,
size_t  l,
const pa_cvolume c 
)

Pretty print a volume structure but show dB values.

Since
0.9.13
pa_volume_t pa_sw_volume_divide ( pa_volume_t  a,
pa_volume_t  b 
)

Divide two volume specifications, return the result.

This uses PA_VOLUME_NORM as neutral element of division. This is only valid for software volumes! If a division by zero is tried the result will be 0.

Since
0.9.13
pa_volume_t pa_sw_volume_from_dB ( double  f)

Convert a decibel value to a volume (amplitude, not power).

This is only valid for software volumes!

pa_volume_t pa_sw_volume_from_linear ( double  v)

Convert a linear factor to a volume.

0.0 and less is muted while 1.0 is PA_VOLUME_NORM. This is only valid for software volumes!

pa_volume_t pa_sw_volume_multiply ( pa_volume_t  a,
pa_volume_t  b 
)

Multiply two volume specifications, return the result.

This uses PA_VOLUME_NORM as neutral element of multiplication. This is only valid for software volumes!

char* pa_sw_volume_snprint_dB ( char *  s,
size_t  l,
pa_volume_t  v 
)

Pretty print a volume but show dB values.

Since
0.9.15
double pa_sw_volume_to_dB ( pa_volume_t  v)

Convert a volume to a decibel value (amplitude, not power).

This is only valid for software volumes!

double pa_sw_volume_to_linear ( pa_volume_t  v)

Convert a volume to a linear factor.

This is only valid for software volumes!

char* pa_volume_snprint ( char *  s,
size_t  l,
pa_volume_t  v 
)

Pretty print a volume.

Since
0.9.15
char* pa_volume_snprint_verbose ( char *  s,
size_t  l,
pa_volume_t  v,
int  print_dB 
)

Pretty print a volume in a verbose way.

The volume is printed in several formats: the raw pa_volume_t value, percentage, and if print_dB is non-zero, also the dB value.

Since
5.0